D Day1[D Day]1You have been ordered to plan and implement Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Europe. The Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, has stated to you that the intended operation should take place in May 1944. The location of the invasion, the means of invasion and the resources required for this monumental task are all decisions that you, with a little help from your advisors, will be expected to take. The Prime Minister urges you to make haste in your plans and assures you that whatever resources and weaponary are required, they will, god willing, be made available to you. A note about the weaponary available at the time: At the time of Operation Overlord the Allied forces had at their disposal much of the weaponary that you would expect a modern military force to have at its disposal. They did not have access to nuclear weapons however and were facing an armed force with equal, if not superior, weaponary.2Decisions to makeDecisions to make2Spy planes have searched the coastline of Europe to establish the strencght of the German defences in each region. A brief report on each area is available for you to look at. These plans should help you to narrow down the possible invasion sites, making you r future plans much easier. Click on the links below to view each individual report. 3Norweigan Coastline4Direct assault on German beaches5Dutch and Belgian beaches6Northern France, near Calais7Normandy beaches8The Atlantic coastline9Select this option once you have decided upon an invasion siteNorweigan Coastline3The Norweigan coastline is a mixture of Fjords and difficult to access beaches. Landing craft would be susceptible to enemy fire for long periods of time prior to their disembarkment upon enemy beaches. Should more than one beach be required it is likely that the landing sites would need to be in locations far away from each other, making a coherent campaign nigh on impossible. The German defences of this region are reasonably strong. Given the proximity to the fatherland, the eastern front and the western front it is alos quite likely that supplies and support troops and equipment could be moved to this region very quickly. You ought also take into consideration the length of the sea crossing. The German navy and the Luftwafe would have ample opportunity to spot the invasion fleet and incur heavy losses upon our forces.9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesDirect assault on German beaches4There are limited landing points on the german coastline, all of which are heavily defended by artillery batteries, anti aircraft emplacements and a wide range of mines in te shipping lanes. It is thought that the German navy still has a large number of U Boats within the region of the main construction ports and quite a sizeable proportion of the german fleet is still docked in german ports. Supply lines here are excellent for the Germans. The route for any invasion fleet is long and open to a wide range of enemy attacks from the air, land based artillery or the sea. Allied casualties in such an attack would be extremely high. 9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesDutch and Belgian beaches5The beaches here are heavily guarded. The germans have positioned a substantial number of artillery batteries on the coastline and there is a coherent second line of defence. The beaches have been mined and it is likely that the areas surrounding the beaches will also be mined prior to any possible inavasion taking place, this process has already begun. Troops are heaviy concentrated in this area and there are a number of panzer tank divisions at the Germans disposal in this region. 9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesNorthern France, near Calais6Calais itself has been turned into a fortress by the Germans. The beaches around the port are more heavily guarded than any other part of the coastline. The germans have deployed a combination of mines, artillery batteries and beach obstacles along with a high concentration of troops and weaponary. The beaches here are suitable for landing on and the distance from English ports is at a minimum. The regin provides a number of deep water ports which woul be ideal for supplying our forces once a beach head has been established. The Germans have rigged much of the facilities to be rendered useless in the event of an attack however. The location is ideal for an invasion but casualties will be extremely high and there is no guarentee of success given the German strengths in this region.9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesNormandy beaches7There are a number of long range artillery batteries defending the Normandy beaches. These could inflict heavy losses upon the attack fleet. The coastline is in parts susceptible to atack however, the process of mining and laying of beach obstacles is not yet completed. It is believed that the Germans are planning to increase the number of beach obstacles, the quantity of long range artillery batteries and the quality of the air defences. The port of Cherbourg is the only deep water port in the region and this has been rigged by the Germans in case of allied attack. There are few panzer divisions in this region when compared with other castal areas but there is a high concentration of troops near Caen, Cherbourg and Bayeaux. The beaches are suitable for landing on. The levels of casualties expected is hard to establish given the developments to defences that the Germans are putting into place. 9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesThe Atlantic coastline8The beaches themselves are protected by substantial artillery posts along the majority of the coastline. There are a number of places however where the defences are not particularly strong. Beaches are mined and some obstacles are on likely landing beaches. It would be possible to establish a beach head in a number of places on this coastline. The Germans still have operational U Boats patrolling this area of the Atlantic. The invasion fleet could face difficulties in reaching the beaches. Inland defences are a threat, lines of supply are good and troops and Panzer divisions could be transported to this region with ease.9Select a site for the invasion of occupied Europe2Back to index of possible invasion sitesSelect a site for the invasion of occupied Europe9You have now received preliminary details of potential landing sites. You should however be reminded prior to making your final decision of some of the logistical issues surrounding the invasion. To liberate Europe your troops will need to land on a beach in large numbers, possibly on more than one beach in close proximity to other landing sites. Your troops will require supplies and weaponary, which can only be provided if a port is available. You have a large number of troops at your disposal, you will need as many of them as possible to survive the initial landing in order to successfully defeat the germans in the inevitable battles that will follow: limit the risk of casualties on D Day as much as you possibly can. Remember that some of the problems faced can be overcome by use of the RAF bombers and through the effective deployment of troops via parachute drops. Think carefully before making your initial decision, a bad choice now could make a future invasion nigh on impossible. Now select the region that you intend to land your forces10Norway11Germany12Holland/ Belgium13Northern France, near Calais14The Normandy beaches15The Atlantic coastlineNorway10Your decision to land in Norway has received a very mixed reception from the leaders of the Allied forces. The Prime Minister has serious doubts about the operation. Other leading generals are dismayed at the choice, far too many men will die in such an assault and it would be almost impossible to land all of the neccessary troops in one area of Norway. After careful consideration of your arguments in favour of this possible site the leaders of the Allied nations have decided to reject the proposal on the grounds that it is unlikely to succeed. You have now been stripped of your command and replaced by Dwight D Eisenhower, an American General. 1Return to startGermany11The leaders of the Allied nations are very suprised at your choice. They feel that such a rash attack directly into the German heartland would be hard to sustain. You have clearly under estimated the strength of the German forces and have been removed from your post.1Return to startHolland/ Belgium12The Allied leadership are satisfied that this plan is feasible. You are now to develop your plans in greater detail and need to consult with other generals to ascertain exactly how, where and when such an assault may take place. 16Plans to Invade HollandNorthern France, near Calais13The Allied leadership are satisfied that this plan is feasible. You are now to develop your plans in greater detail and need to consult with other generals to ascertain exactly how, where and when such an assault may take place. 17Plan to invade near CalaisThe Normandy beaches14The Allied leadership are satisfied that this plan is feasible. You are now to develop your plans in greater detail and need to consult with other generals to ascertain exactly how, where and when such an assault may take place. 18Plan to invade in NormandyThe Atlantic coastline15The Allied leadership are satisfied that this plan is feasible. You are now to develop your plans in greater detail and need to consult with other generals to ascertain exactly how, where and when such an assault may take place. 19Plan an invasion on the Atlantic coastlinePlans to Invade Holland16More details of the German beach defences in Belgium and Holland have reached you. The German line of defences on the beaches in Holland and Belgium are as follows: Gun emplacements at regular intervals along the coastline. Often as many as 3 emplacements to every mile of beach. The quality of the artillery in the emplacements varies greatly but the majority of these guns are capable of firing up to 20 miles. The Germans have automated machine gun emplacements along the whole coastline in this region. There are a number of Panzer divisions stationed within the intended landing region. All beaches are mined. Barbed wire and anti tank devices and barriers are in place on the majority of beaches. All local harbours are prepared for demolition. 20Continue planning for invasion of Holland9Change the site for the invasion of occupied EuropePlan to invade near Calais17More details of the German beach defences in and around Calais have reached you. The German line of defences on the beaches around Calais are as follows: Gun emplacements at regular intervals along the coastline. Often as many as 5 emplacements to every mile of beach. These emplacements are often very well disguised and would be hard to destroy through aerial bombardment. Most positions are looking down onto landing beaches. The Germans have huge quantities of automated machine gun emplacements along the whole coastline in this region. There are a number of Panzer divisions stationed within the intended landing region. All beaches are mined. Barbed wire and anti tank devices and barriers are in place on the majority of beaches. All local harbours are prepared for demolition. 21Continue planning to invade near Calais9Change the site for the invasion of occupied EuropePlan to invade in Normandy18Some new artillery emplacements have been constructed by the Germans but the guns are not all in place yet. It is thought that the majority of these will be installed in the Spring of 1944. The germans have continued to mine beaches and obstacles are being put in place. The beaches are still not as heavily defended as other regions however. Strong points in the defence system are focussed around Caen and near Cherbourg, the weakest points of defence appearing to be the strectch of coastline between Quineville and Ouistreham (aprox 100km from one end to the other of this possible landing site). The possibility of landing successfully in this location is very high.22Continue planning the invasion of the Normandy coastline9Change the site for the invasion of occupied EuropePlan an invasion on the Atlantic coastline19The Admiralty have confirmed that they have sufficient cntrol of the ocean to mount an operation in the Atlantic region. Further reports from the coastline suggest that beach defences are being develope furtherbut are still largely suitable for a landing. A concern has been raised about the route that the ships would have to take however, the Atlantic may hamper the transfer of troop carrying vessels and the supply line to the beaches is long and susceptible to attack by German U Boats and airfcraft. 23Continue planning for an invasion of the Atlantic Coastline9Change the site for the invasion of occupied EuropeContinue planning for invasion of Holland20The Admiralty have passed on details of suitable landing sites. They suggest that 3 landing sites 5 kilometres apart can be established. The beaches in this regions are shallow, which means that troops could be transported in amphibious vehicles to the point of combat. However the route to the beach is long and open, the Germans would have 20 minutes of 'Shooting Time' prior to troops being on the beach itself. Covering fire can be provided by Warships and by the RAF, it is not known yet how confident the RAF or Admiralty are that they could prevent high casualties. You now need to investigate methods of assisting the sea borne troops if you are to continue planning this operation.24Ask for details of possible sabotague operations that the resistance could perform25Investigate the possibility of parachute landings26Investigate the liklihood of a successful bombing campaign9Change the site for the invasion of occupied Europe27Continue planningContinue planning to invade near Calais21A joint team of RAF and Naval officers suggest that through sabotague and bombardment half of the gun emplacements in the Calais region could be destroyed prior to landing. A report from the Special Operations team states that 7 bridges would have to be successfully taken by special forces immediately prior to attacking the beaches. Failure to take these bridges would allow the Germans to move troops quikly to the front line and could prevent our advance from the beaches. Much of the coastline is not suitable for the use of amphibious landing craft. The navy have also suggested that the much needed ports would be rendered unusable by the Germans. There is one suitable site for the construction of an artificial harbour. Supply needs mean that the capture and restoration of calais or Bologne would therefore be neccessary on D Day. (Such an attack on a port occured in 1942 at Dieppe, the mission failed).28Investigate bombardment methods29Investigate sabotague methods30Order construction of artificial harbour 31Investigate possibility of successful parachute operationsContinue planning the invasion of the Normandy coastline22Your chiefs of staff suggest three landing beaches that can be joined together after the successful landing. These would need to be supported by paratroopers dropping into strategic areas in order to capture some German positions. General Patton suggests that you could bombard not only the Normandy coastline but also the region around Calais to confuse the Germans and make them uncertain about the location of the invasion. As there is no port in the region it is also necessary to construct artificial ports to aid the supply of troops. Read information about each of these proposals, they are all supported by Churchill and the other leading generals.49Artificial harbors50Parachute Drops51ContinueContinue planning for an invasion of the Atlantic Coastline23The Admirlaty reports that the fleet will take an additional six months to prepare for this assault as they are not confident that enough supporting battleships and destroyers are available for the landings. Likewise concerns have been raised about the method of getting troop transporters to the beaches, in the Atlantic it is highly likely that these small craft will be destroyed by high seas. It is possible to rig these to the sides of larger vessels but this would make the invasion fleet much slower and therefore more susceptible to attack. The RAF recommend that alternative landing sites are sought as they cannot provide air cover for the full duration of the invasion. Special Forces advise that they have found a number of sites that they can take control of with ease and are confident that they could secure part of the beach head prior to the fleets arrival. Engineers report that there is no suitable site for an artificial harbour.58Continue with planning2Start looking for alternative landing sites.Ask for details of possible sabotague operations that the resistance could perform24The resistance believe that they can destroy the supply lines to some German troops and are certain that in the hours prior to the invasion that thye can disrupt troop movements around the landing beaches. They are sceptical as to whether or not they could manage to damage any of the emplacements, they are too heavily guarded. 20Back to planning for invasion of Holland25Investigate the possibility of parachute landings26Investigate the liklihood of a successful bombing campaign27Continue planningInvestigate the possibility of parachute landings25Parachute drops can be arranged for a number of sites near to the landing sites. The RAF suggest that you also use Gliders to get troops closer to vital points. There is a feeling that here are perhaps too many locations to take by force using this method. Our forces would be severely stretched in and around the landing beaches due to the high numbers of strategic points and of defending troops.20Back to planning for invasion of Holland24Ask for details of possible sabotague operations that the resistance could perform26Investigate the liklihood of a successful bombing campaign27Continue planningInvestigate the liklihood of a successful bombing campaign26The RAF are confident that, given their control of the air, they can conduct aerial bombardment of the coastal defences. The emplacements are heavily defended however, there will be some loss of planes and there is no guarantee of success as the guns are emplaced in concrete bunkers. The concrete is 1 metre thick and often covered with earth. A one month long period of bombardment should destroy a maximum of half of these emplacements. Supply routes can be bombed with ease. However many strategic points would be needed intact by our forces should we land.20Back to planning for invasion of Holland24Ask for details of possible sabotague operations that the resistance could perform25Investigate the possibility of parachute landings27Continue planningContinue planning27Both the RAF and the Admirlaty report that they can provide covering fire on the beaches and that their forces are strong enough to implement the invasion as planned. There is still a concern that there may be high casualties on D Day itself however. The other generals report that the plans appear to be workable and remind you that casualties would probably be high no matter where the invasion took place. Montgomery suggests investigating possible landing sites further south. 59Go ahead with invasion as planned2Look for alternative invasion site.Investigate bombardment methods28The RAF are confident that, given their control of the air, they can conduct aerial bombardment of the coastal defences. The emplacements are heavily defended however, there will be some loss of planes and there is no guarantee of success as the guns are emplaced in concrete bunkers. The concrete is 1 metre thick and often covered with earth. A one month long period of bombardment should destroy a maximum of half of these emplacements. Supply routes can be bombed with ease. However many strategic points would be needed intact by our forces should we land.32Commence bombing operations29Investigate sabotague methods30Order construction of artificial harbour 31Investigate possibility of successful parachute operations36Implement all of the suggested tactics.37Consult with other generalsInvestigate sabotague methods29The resistance believe that they can destroy the supply lines to some German troops and are certain that in the hours prior to the invasion that thye can disrupt troop movements in and around Calais. They are sceptical as to whether or not they could manage to damage any of the emplacements, they are too heavily guarded. 28Investigate bombardment methods30Order construction of artificial harbour 31Investigate possibility of successful parachute operations21Back to the planning page36Investigate sabotague methods37Consult with other generalsOrder construction of artificial harbour 30The construction of the Artificial harbour is underway. Should it be neccesary the harbour could be used at different landng sites. Should any further artificial harbours be needed an additional 6 months would be required to construct the harbours.31Investigate possibility of successful parachute operations28Investigate bombardment methods29Investigate sabotague methods36Implement all of the suggested tactics.37Consult with other generalsInvestigate possibility of successful parachute operations31Parachute drops can be arranged for a number of sites near to Calais. The RAF suggest that you also use Gliders to get troops closer to vital points. There is a feeling that here are perhaps too many locations to take by force using this method. Our forces would be severely stretched in and around Calais.21Back to planning page28Investigate bombardment methods29Investigate sabotague methods30Order construction of artificial harbour 36Implement all of the suggested tactics.37Consult with other generalsCommence bombing operations32One month of heavy bombing has destroyed one third of emplacements. The Germans though are quick to react to this and have begun to build new emplacements. rommel has also ordered his troops to secure the remaining emplacements, most of which have now got further defences against air attack. In anticipation of the invasion being in this region Rommel has diverted a further two panzer divisions to the region and has installed poles in all fields to prevent gliders from landing. The resistance reports that additional scouting patrols are in operation and that machine gun posts have been set up near to all of the likely parachute drop sites. 33Invade as planned9Rethink the invasion plans34Order further bombing raids35Switch bombardment to another part of the coastal defencesInvade as planned33Your fleet arrives at the landing sites under heavy fire. The Germans eager to throw you back into the water move a division of panzers onto the coast raod overlloking the beaches and pound all of the amphibious vehicles. Many of the support craft are lost at sea before the men even get to the landing beaches. Despite support from the RAF who destroy many tanks, the gun emplacements on the coastline are still strong enough to cause havoc. Your men, under fire from all directions, are cut to pieces and your fleet has little option but to withdraw, heavily demoralised. Your rash decision to attack without proper planning has led to the death of 18000 men,the loss of all of the landing craft and of 5 battleships. A new invasion force will take two years to prepare. In this time the Germans concentrate there forces on the Eastern front and turn the tide against the Rusian advance, aided by the knowledge that the Allies in the west are not in a position to open up a front in France. The war, thanks to you, lasts a further 9 years with a cease fire being signed with the increasingly powerful Germans who now control all of mainland Europe.Order further bombing raids34The Germans concentrate their resources in this area, certain that an invasion is likely to occur in this region. For every bombing raid you undertake the germans build a new pillbox. Every day new defences are being built on and around the beaches, inland the Germans build a large array of anti tank devices and mine most of the major routes towards Paris. The resistance report that the port of Calais iteslf has been further rigged with tripwires and the demolition of the port would take only a matter of minutes for the Germans to achieve following the redesign of the defence system. The RAF are concerned at the number of bombers being lost in the air raids, the Germans have improved the quality and quantity of anti aircraft guns. Following a meeting with your generals you are left under no illusions at all. An invasion near Calais would be doomed to failure. You are removed from your post by the Prime Minister, who is furious at your waste of resources.1Return to the startSwitch bombardment to another part of the coastal defences35The sudden change of tactics appears to have confused the Germans. Now they are moving men away from Calais towards Caen. You chances of success have improved dramatically although the defensive wall around Calais is still very strong.67Continue with invasion near Calais2Change the site of the invasionImplement all of the suggested tactics.36The Artificial harbours are prepared and a long period of bombing has occured. The sabotague of German supplies is in place and the gliders and paratroopers are ready to go into action. The Navy has prepared the fleet and landing craft are prepared. At a meeting wiht the other generals there is some unrest about the operation, Montgomery in particular believes that the germans are too strong in this region, however there is general agreement that your planning will lead to a costly, but successful invasion of occupied Europe. Do you now38Invade9Think again due to Montgomery's concernsConsult with other generals37The other Generals are uncertain as to whether or not the invasion should take place in and around calais. Some of them are still supportive of this plan, others though suggest switching the invasion to the Normandy beaches which are less heavily defended.14Switch invasion plans to the Normandy beaches36Continue with invasion near Calais and implement all of the suggested tactics.Invade38The order is given to sabotague the supply lines and the fleet moves into position. The weather though is appalling and the fleet may face some problems getting to the beaches, the smaller craft in particular will struggle in the rough seas.39Continue with the attack40Postpone the invasion until the weather improves.Continue with the attack39Special forces are dropped in and around Calais using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabatuers have also done a good job, destroying a railway line that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. 41Continue with attackPostpone the invasion until the weather improves.40The weather improves the next day and conditions are ideal for the operation. Reports from france suggest that German troops have moved towards Normandy following the fleet around the channel. These troops remain in Caen as your fleet U turns and heads back to the meeting place. At night the paratroopers go into action as do the resistance and the landing sites are ready for the attack the following day.43ContinueContinue with attack41In the English Channel though things start to go wrong. Several of the smaller boats are destroyed by the high seas and others are having to take shelter, leaving them well behind the accompanying battleships. The advanced troops make their way from the huge transport boats into the landing craft at around 5 in the morning and slowly sail towards the beaches. The sea gets the better of many of them, the men lose some of their commanders and there's confusion as the first boats are spotted by German look outs and the bombardment of the fleet begins. In the rough seas it is impossible for the boats to manouver as quickly as planned and the landing craft are easy targets for the german gunners. Men start to get to the beach, but in small numbers, too many boats have been lost and waylaid by the storm. machine guns rattle through the men as they wade towards the beach. By noon all of the landing sites are awash with debris from smashed landing craft and littered with the bodies of fallen soldiers. German reinforcements soon arrive in the region and after a day long battle wth the paratroopers manage to take control of the Brdiges to the south of Calais. The remaining troops are alone, no beachead has been established and they haven't the support and ammunition that thye needed from the beaches. The invasion of Europe has failed, ruined by the bad weather.42ConclusionsConclusions42Your planning was in general very good. In reality the Allies opted to invade the Normandy coastline, due to the defences in and around Calais. Likewise in June 1944 a storm broke as the invasion force was about to set off. High Seas are very damaging to small boats, Eisenhower delayed the invasion by a day and the Allies successfully created beachheads on the Normandy coastline. You would have done well to listen to the advise of Montgomery, but nevertheless, had you opted to delay until the weather improved it may have been possible for you to successfully land near Calais.Continue43With all of the paratroopers objectives met your fleet and landing craft have an excellent chance to succeed. As night becomes day German lookouts awake to see a coastline covered as far as the eye can see with your fleet, landing craft making their way slowly towards the beaches. The German guns bellow out in defiance and many of the ships and smaller amphibious vehicles are destryed but troops are making it to the beaches. Machine gun fire is heavy, men are being mown down as the Germans attempt to throw you back into the sea. On the American beaches thousads are dying as the tide drags landing craft in front of large artillery emplacements, the Canadians and British fare a little better though. The battle continues all morning, the beach remaining the frontline. As the afternoon wears on though it becomes apparent that the sabotague has worked, artillery fire stops and some machine gunners are seen retreating, out of ammunition. By the end of the day the beaches are won and some defensive structures have been put in place to stop the inevitable onslaught against your invading force.44ContinueContinue44With the beaches taken, but not secure you now push your reserves into the beachhead. You have a simple choice now, attempt to link up with the paratroopers or push towards the centre of Calais to take the port that is so important to the future of the operation.45Try to link with paratroopers46Move towards CalaisTry to link with paratroopers45Over the course of the next day your forces successfully link up with the paratroopers, reserve troops landing all the time to support you manouvers. The next few weeks see Calais fall, after a very bloody struggle. The port has been destroyed by the retreating and defeated Germans but is able to accomodate smaller landing vessels for the time being. It is quite conceivable that future operations could lead to the total defeat of the Germans, the landings have been a relative success, well done. Now read the concluding comments.47ConclusionsMove towards Calais46Your troops grind to a halt in the outskirts of Calias in the face of fierce resistance from the defending German troops. Your paratroopers are soon out of ammunition, they needed you to link up with them as soon as possible, and are overpowered by the counter attacking Germans. Despite throwing reserves into the frontline your troops are soon pushed back onto the beaches. The only option left to your commanders is to order a retreat or face total defeat. 48ConclusionsConclusions47You opted to attack the most heavily defended stretch of coastline. The attack, presuming that everything would go as well as this website has allowed, would still have cost thousands of lives and may not be sustainable. Given the likely loss of life and the probable counter attacks from the German forces in the area it is quite possible that the liberation of Europe after the landing may not have occured, you may have been better off doing as the Allies DID in 1944. Operation Overlord opted to land on the less heavily defended beaches of Normandy. Even then there were high casualties, particularly amongst American troops landing on Omaha beach. Nevertheless you have thought things out reasonably well and have paused for thought at the appropriate times. You're not quite an Eisenhower but probably a little more useful than some First Word War generals!Conclusions48Had you linked up with the paratroopers you may have been able to prevent german troops arriving in Calais. You moved to quickly towards the prize of the port and left yourself open to counter attack. Many lives hae been lost in vain thanks to a rash decision on your part. You opted to attack the most heavily defended stretch of coastline. The attack, presuming that everything would go as well as this website has allowed, would still have cost thousands of lives and may not be sustainable. Given the likely loss of life and the probable counter attacks from the German forces in the area it is quite possible that the liberation of Europe after the landing may not have occured, you may have been better off doing as the Allies DID in 1944. Operation Overlord opted to land on the less heavily defended beaches of Normandy. Even then there were high casualties, particularly amongst American troops landing on Omaha beach. Artificial harbors49Using a combination of floating roads, platforms and barriers created by destroyed boats a portable harbour can be constructed to allow large boats to dock close to the beaches. This will allow troops to receive weapons, food and medical attention very quickly. Government engineers have protypes of the harbor: they are certain that it will be able to hold tanks and cope with all but the very worst weather.22Back to planning the invasion of the Normandy coastlineParachute Drops50Parachute drops can be arranged for a number of sites near to the landing sites. The RAF suggest that you also use Gliders to get troops closer to vital points. Special Forces report that they have enough troops available to take strategic points to both flanks of the landig beaches. 22Continue planning the invasion of the Normandy coastlineContinue51The artificial harbors are prepared, Special forces are ready to be dropped close to strategic positions. The Admiralty inform you that the naval force is prepared and that all the neccessary landing vessels are in place. It is recommended to you that the landing site is extended from 3 beaches to 5 to enable a wider attack. This should make it harder for the Germans to coordinate defence of the beaches.52Stick with 3 beaches53Extend the invasion site to 5 beachesStick with 3 beaches52Your planning is complete. June 5th has been chosen as the ideal time for the invasion. The resistance receive the order to sabotague the supply lines and the fleet moves into position. The weather though is appalling and the fleet may face some problems getting to the beaches, the smaller craft in particular will struggle in the rough seas.54Continue with invasion55Delay the invasionExtend the invasion site to 5 beaches53Your planning is complete. June 5th has been chosen as the ideal time for the invasion. The resistance receive the order to sabotague the supply lines and the fleet moves into position. The weather though is appalling and the fleet may face some problems getting to the beaches, the smaller craft in particular will struggle in the rough seas.69Continue with attack71Delay the invasionContinue with invasion54Special forces are dropped at the arranged sites using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabaters have also done a good job, disrupting routes that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. 69Continue with attackDelay the invasion55The next day the weather is much improved an the order to launch D Day is given. Special forces are dropped at the arranged sites using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabaters have also done a good job, disrupting routes that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. At the landing sites ships arrive at dawn and make their way under heavy fire towards the disembarkment points. As the water is jammed with soldiers there is little space for manoveur and some ships are sunk through collsions. The leading attack troops are cut down by machine gun fire but by noon a beach head has been established. You now have to make a tactical decision56Try to link with paratroopers at flanks57Attack the German force at Caen as a matter of urgencyTry to link with paratroopers at flanks56Over the course of the next day your forces successfully link up with the paratroopers, reserve troops landing all the time to support you manouvers. The next few weeks see Bayeux fall and all of the objectives of Operation overlord achieved. It is quite conceivable that future operations could lead to the total defeat of the Germans, the landings have been a relative success, well done. Now read the concluding comments.73ConclusionsAttack the German force at Caen as a matter of urgency57Your troops grind to a halt in the outskirts of Caen in the face of fierce resistance from the defending German troops. Your paratroopers are soon out of ammunition, they needed you to link up with them as soon as possible, and are overpowered by the counter attacking Germans. Despite throwing reserves into the frontline your troops are soon pushed back onto the beaches. The only option left to your commanders is to order a retreat or face total defeat. 72conclusionsContinue with planning58Given the difficulties being faced by so many of the forces involved in the operation the Allied leaders have decided that an alternative landing site must be sought. They are notr confident that the landing on the Atlantic coastline would be a success and suggest alternatives in Northern France or normandy as being more feasible.2Look for an alternative site.Go ahead with invasion as planned59Your planning is complete. June 5th has been chosen as the ideal time for the invasion. The resistance receive the order to sabotague the supply lines and the fleet moves into position. The weather though is appalling and the fleet may face some problems getting to the beaches, the smaller craft in particular will struggle in the rough seas.60Continue with the invasion61Delay the invasionContinue with the invasion60Paratroopers are dropped successfully into place and take the strategic strong points, sabatague has been completed by the resistance and as morning comes the fleet moves away from the safety of the ports into the channel. In the English Channel though things start to go wrong. Several of the smaller boats are destroyed by the high seas and others are having to take shelter, leaving them well behind the accompanying battleships. The advanced troops make their way from the huge transport boats into the landing craft at around 5 in the morning and slowly sail towards the beaches. The sea gets the better of many of them, the men lose some of their commanders and there's confusion as the first boats are spotted by German look outs and the bombardment of the fleet begins. In the rough seas it is impossible for the boats to manouver as quickly as planned and the landing craft are easy targets for the German gunners. Men start to get to the beach, but in small numbers, too many boats have been lost and waylaid by the storm. machine guns rattle through the men as they wade towards the beach. By noon all of the landing sites are awash with debris from smashed landing craft and littered with the bodies of fallen soldiers. German reinforcements soon arrive in the region and after a day long battle wth the paratroopers manage to take control of the Bridges to the south of the landing beaches. The remaining troops are alone, no beach head has been established and they haven't the support and ammunition that they needed from the beaches. The invasion of Europe has failed, ruined by the bad weather.62ConclusionsDelay the invasion61The next day the weather is much improved an the order to launch D Day is given. Special forces are dropped at the arranged sites using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabaters have also done a good job, disrupting routes that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. At the landing sites ships arrive at dawn and make their way under heavy fire towards the disembarkment points. As the water is jammed with soldiers there is little space for manoveur and some ships are sunk through collsions. The leading attack troops are cut down by machine gun fire but by noon a beach head has been established. You now have to make a tactical decision63Try to link with the paratroopers64Move directly to the port of Rotterdam to secure a port to enable more supplies to reach your troopsConclusions62Your planning in general was reasonable. You needed to delay the invasion though, bad weather makes travel by sea very dangerous. In 1944 the Allies chose to use beaches in Normandy to launch Operation Overlord. The beaches there are less heavily defended and have the advantage of being sheltered from high seas by the penisular to the west of the landing site. You operation would at best be considered extremely daring, at worst it would have been considered lunacy. Operation overlord was a success in 1944 and following the battle of Normandy the balance of power in europe had changed, leading to the ultimate defeat of nazi germany in 1945.Try to link with the paratroopers63Over the course of the next day your forces successfully link up with the paratroopers, reserve troops landing all the time to support you manouvers. The next few weeks see Rotterdam fall, after a very bloody struggle. The port has been destroyed by the retreating and defeated Germans but is able to accomodate smaller landing vessels for the time being. It is quite conceivable that future operations could lead to the total defeat of the Germans, the landings have been a relative success, well done. Now read the concluding comments.65ConclusionsMove directly to the port of Rotterdam to secure a port to enable more supplies to reach your troops64Your troops grind to a halt in the outskirts of Rotterdam in the face of fierce resistance from the defending German troops. Your paratroopers are soon out of ammunition, they needed you to link up with them as soon as possible, and are overpowered by the counter attacking Germans. Despite throwing reserves into the frontline your troops are soon pushed back onto the beaches. The only option left to your commanders is to order a retreat or face total defeat. 66ConclusionsConclusions65You opted to attack a very heavily defended stretch of coastline. The attack, presuming that everything would go as well as this website has allowed, would still have cost thousands of lives and may not be sustainable. Given the likely loss of life and the probable counter attacks from the German forces in the area it is quite possible that the liberation of Europe after the landing may not have occured, you may have been better off doing as the Allies DID in 1944. Operation Overlord opted to land on the less heavily defended beaches of Normandy. Even then there were high casualties, particularly amongst American troops landing on Omaha beach. Nevertheless you have thought things out reasonably well and have paused for thought at the appropriate times. You're not quite an Eisenhower but probably a little more useful than some First Word War generals!Conclusions66Had you linked up with the paratroopers you may have been able to prevent german troops arriving in Rotterdam. You moved too quickly towards the prize of the port and left yourself open to counter attack. Many lives hae been lost in vain thanks to a rash decision on your part. You opted to attack a very heavily defended stretch of coastline. The attack, presuming that everything would go as well as this website has allowed, would still have cost thousands of lives and may not be sustainable. Given the likely loss of life and the probable counter attacks from the German forces in the area it is quite possible that the liberation of Europe after the landing may not have occured, you may have been better off doing as the Allies DID in 1944. Operation Overlord opted to land on the less heavily defended beaches of Normandy. Even then there were high casualties, particularly amongst American troops landing on Omaha beach. Continue with invasion near Calais67The order is given to sabotague the supply lines and the fleet moves into position. The weather though is appalling and the fleet may face some problems getting to the beaches, the smaller craft in particular will struggle in the rough seas.68Continue with invasion40Postpone the invasion until the weather improves.Continue with invasion68Special forces are dropped in and around Calais using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabatuers have also done a good job, destroying a railway line that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. In the English Channel though things start to go wrong. Several of the smaller boats are destroyed by the high seas and others are having to take shelter, leaving them well behind the accompanying battleships. The advanced troops make their way from the huge transport boats into the landing craft at around 5 in the morning and slowly sail towards the beaches. The sea gets the better of many of them, the men lose some of their commanders and there's confusion as the first boats are spotted by German look outs and the bombardment of the fleet begins. In the rough seas it is impossible for the boats to manouver as quickly as planned and the landing craft are easy targets for the German gunners. Men start to get to the beach, but in small numbers, too many boats have been lost and waylaid by the storm. machine guns rattle through the men as they wade towards the beach. By noon all of the landing sites are awash with debris from smashed landing craft and littered with the bodies of fallen soldiers. German reinforcements soon arrive in the region and after a day long battle wth the paratroopers manage to take control of the Brdiges to the south of Calais. The remaining troops are alone, no beachead has been established and they haven't the support and ammunition that thye needed from the beaches. The invasion of Europe has failed, ruined by the bad weather.62ConclusionsContinue with attack69In the English Channel though things start to go wrong. Several of the smaller boats are destroyed by the high seas and others are having to take shelter, leaving them well behind the accompanying battleships. The advanced troops make their way from the huge transport boats into the landing craft at around 5 in the morning and slowly sail towards the beaches. The sea gets the better of many of them, the men lose some of their commanders and there's confusion as the first boats are spotted by German look outs and the bombardment of the fleet begins. In the rough seas it is impossible for the boats to manouver as quickly as planned and the landing craft are easy targets for the german gunners. Men start to get to the beach, but in small numbers, too many boats have been lost and waylaid by the storm. machine guns rattle through the men as they wade towards the beach. By noon all of the landing sites are awash with debris from smashed landing craft and littered with the bodies of fallen soldiers. German reinforcements soon arrive in the region and after a day long battle wth the paratroopers manage to take control of the Brdiges to the west of Caen. The remaining troops are alone, no beachead has been established and they haven't the support and ammunition that thye needed from the beaches. The invasion of Europe has failed, ruined by the bad weather.70ConclusionConclusions70Your planning in general was reasonable. You needed to delay the invasion though, bad weather makes travel by sea very dangerous. In 1944 the Allies chose to use beaches in Normandy to launch Operation Overlord. The beaches there are less heavily defended than in other regions and have the advantage of being sheltered from high seas by the penisular to the west of the landing site. Operation overlord was a success in 1944 and following the Battle of Normandy the balance of power in europe had changed, leading to the ultimate defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945.Delay the invasion71The next day the weather is much improved an the order to launch D Day is given. Special forces are dropped at the arranged sites using Gliders and parachutes. They successfully take all of their objectives and have control of all of the major bridges in the area. The Sabaters have also done a good job, disrupting routes that would have brought many troops into the region, other diversions are in place, their success will be known only when troops land on the beaches. At the landing sites ships arrive at dawn and make their way under heavy fire towards the disembarkment points. As the water is jammed with soldiers there is little space for manoveur and some ships are sunk through collsions. The leading attack troops are cut down by machine gun fire but by noon a beach head has been established. You now have to make a tactical decision56Try to link with paratroopers at flanks57Attack the German force at Caen as a matter of urgencyConclusions72Had you linked up with the paratroopers you may have been able to prevent german troops arriving in the area. You moved to quickly towards the prize of Caen and left yourself open to counter attack. Many lives hae been lost in vain thanks to a rash decision on your part. You opted, as the Allies did in 1944 to use the beaches in Normandy. These beaches were less heavily defended and were the most suited to this type of landing. Even then there were high casualties, particularly amongst American troops landing on Omaha beach. The operation in 1944 was successful however and after the battle of Normandy the war was being won by the Allies who finally defeated Nazi Germany in 1945.Conclusions73Your planning has been extremely good, indeed you have opted to do as the Allies themselves did in 1944. The actual operation Overlord landed on 5 beaches in Normandy on June 6th 1944 supported by special forces dropped by parachutes or in gliders. Although the objectives for D Day were not quite met across the full beach head the days success can be accepted as a beach head was established and it proved to be a catalyst for the successful campaign to defeat Nazi Germany. This exercise is an Action Maze. You will be presented with a series of situations; in each situation you will need to make a decision on the best way to proceed. Each decision you make will take you to the next part of the maze. If you make all the right decisions, you will be able to complete the maze successfully. Click on the button below to start the maze. You have: You need: 11 Start Filters Undo Restart OK 1 1 1 => <= Index 1 1 1 index.htm nextpage.htm #FFFFFF #000000 #0000CC #BBBBEE #000000 #330060